Syllabus BIO 3220 Fall 2020 taught remotely

Fall 2020

PREREQUISITE: BIO 1080/90 and BIO 1081/91 (or equivalent)

Welcome to Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy, BIO 3220, online.  Due to the COVID – 19 outbreak, the course is offered as a virtual online course.  However, this is NOT a self-paced course.  You must complete lab assignments and lecture exams on the dates listed in the syllabus and lab objectives.

OPTIONAL TEXT: Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates, 9th Edition, by Kent and Carr and Hays outlines/objectives from Hays Homepage.  ISBN for text is 13: 9781308799308.  The lab manual is required, see BIO 3220 Virtual Lab Objectives for that information.

Instructor: Dr. Hays –Phone: (303)615-0777; E-Mail: [email protected]

Hays Homepage:

Office Hours: Via email, phone, or by appointment.

IMPORTANT LINKS for “Lecture:” (Outlines, Learning Objectives, Recorded Lectures, and PowerPoint Slides all contain similar information, so choose a format that works best for you.  My suggestion is to look at the outlines while listening to the recordings.  Then, use the Learning Objectives as a study guide.)  There are 6 quizzes, a midterm and a final to be taken on the dates below through Canvas.  Details on how they work are listed in the grading section below.

1. Detailed Outlines of Course Material:

2. Student Learning Objectives:  These are detailed Learning Objectives written by me.  They are the exact information presented in the Detailed Outlines, but presented in a Study Guide format.  These would serve you well to use as flash cards.  Objectives are found at: Answers to the learning objectives are found at the bottom of all of the objectives.

3. Recorded Lectures:  There are recorded lectures offered through Tegrity.  These are designed to be watched during class time when I would normally have my lectures.  However, since they are recorded, you may watch them anytime at your convenience.  They are listed on the course homepage for each topic.

4. PowerPoint slides of the course may be found on my homepage as well.  This is the SAME material that is in the outlines and objective, just in a different format. I show these slides in my pre-recorded lectures.

IMPORTANT LINKS for “Lab”:   The syllabus with dates below is for the “lecture” component of the course.  There is a separate schedule for lab called Lab Objectives: BIO 3220 Virtual Lab Objectives.  This contains the lab schedule, lab objectives and all of the lab assignments with their due dates.    There are no lab exams, rather there are drawings and questions to answer that are described in the grading section below.



Aug. 17 Introduction Chapter 2
Aug. 19 Vertebrate Characteristics & Classes Chapter 1
Aug. 24 Vertebrate Classes Chapter 3&4
Aug. 26 Early Development Chapter 5
Aug. 31 Early Development & Integument (Integument not on Quiz 1)
Sept. 2 Integument (not on Quiz 1) Chapter 6
Sept. 3-6 QUIZ 1 Online
Sept. 7 No Class
Sept. 9 Integument/Intro to Skeleton
Sept. 14 Vertebrae Chapter 7
Sept. 16 Ribs, Sternum, Neurocranium Chapter 8&9
Sept. 17-20 QUIZ 2 Online
Sept. 21 Head Skeleton Chapter 9
Sept. 23 Head Skeleton
Sept. 28 Head Skeleton
Sept. 30 Appendicular Skeleton Chapter 10
Oct. 5 Appendicular Skeleton Chapter 10
Oct. 7 Muscular System (not on Quiz 3) Chapter 11
Oct. 8-11 QUIZ 3 Online
Oct. 12 Muscular System Chapter 11
Oct. 8-18 MIDTERM (Through Skeleton) Online
Oct. 19 Muscular System
Oct. 21 Digestive System Chapter 12
Oct. 26 Digestive System
Oct. 28 Respiratory System (not on Quiz 4) Chapter 13
Oct. 29-Nov. 1  QUIZ 4 Online
Nov 2 Respiratory System Chapter 13
Nov. 4 Circulatory System Chapter 14
Nov. 9 Circulatory System Chapter 14
Nov. 11 Circulatory System
Nov. 12-15 QUIZ 5 Online
Nov. 16 Urinary System Chapter 15
Nov. 18 Reproductive System
Nov 23-28 No Class
Nov. 30 Nervous System Chapter 16
Dec. 2 Nervous System
Dec. 3-6 QUIZ 6 Online
Dec. 3-12  FINAL EXAM (Muscles – Nervous System) Online


1. There will be 6 quizzes each worth 50 points (300 total). Each quiz has 50 multiple choice or true/false questions. These are open-note, open-book exams. However, you may not collaborate with your classmates. You can access the exams through Canvas. You can find them on the “quizzes” link, the “assignments” link, or the “calendar” link on Canvas.  You will have 1 hour to complete each quiz but only one chance to complete it. Online tests open at 12 a.m. on the date listed above and close at 11:59 p.m. on the date listed above (Thursdays-Sundays). Late online exams will have an automatic deduction of 10 percent per day late. When you are ready to take the quiz, click on the quiz link, read the instructions, and then begin.  After you have answered all of the questions, click “Submit Quiz” at the bottom.  You will see your score immediately, but will have to wait two days after the due-date to see the correct answers.  At any time, click on the “Grades” icon on the left menu of Canvas to see your gradebook for this course.  There is a practice test that you may try at any time to make sure your web browser is compatible with Canvas and to get familiar with the format. No points are awarded nor deducted for results on the practice test.

2. There will be an online comprehensive midterm and final each worth 125 points (250 total). These are open-note, open-book tests, but you may not collaborate with your classmates.  These exams consist of old and new questions and can be accessed through Canvas.  The midterm covers the first half of the course through the skeleton, and the final covers the second half of the course, from muscular system through the nervous system. Online tests open at 12 a.m. on the date listed above and close at 11:59 p.m. on the date listed above. The midterm must be taken by Sunday October 18 and the final must be taken by Saturday December 12 (since the semester ends that day). You will have 2 hours to complete the exams. Late online exams will have an automatic deduction of 10 percent per day late. You can access the exams through Canvas. You can find them on the “quizzes” link, the “assignments” link, or the “calendar” link on Canvas. After you have answered all of the questions, click “Submit Quiz” at the bottom.  You will see your score immediately, but will have to wait two days after the due-date to see the correct answers.  At any time, click on the “Grades” icon on the left menu of Canvas to see your gradebook for this course.

3. There will be 3 lab assignments which consist of answering laboratory objectives and labeling and coloring pictures.  Each is worth 320 points, for a total of 960 points.  The lab objectives that you are to answer and turn in, are the ones with a point value listed and double asterisks.  For the drawings, I would prefer that you create your own drawings for the assignments, since this provides additional learning.  However, I have uploaded to Canvas Discussions some reference sketches for you to use if you absolutely cannot draw structures.  You will be graded based on whether or not your drawing and coloring conveys the correct information for the structure listed – NOT based on your artistry.  One point per accurate depiction of each structure will be awarded.  If you have any doubt as to whether a structure listed in the laboratory objectives should be included in your drawing, err on the side of including it.  Always include an orientation label for each picture indicating how we are looking at the picture (eg ventral view, sagittal view, right arm -anterior view….) Refer to your laboratory objectives for a list of specific structures and objectives, as well as due dates.  Any assignment turned in late will have a deduction of 10 percent per day late.  You may turn in your assignments by scanning them or by taking cell phone pictures of them.  However, if you have several images, I request that you re-name your images so that the images have page numbers as part of the saved image.  Then, send them via email or upload them under the appropriate “Assignment” in Canvas.  Here is a sample of a lab assignment to help you better understand the expectations. sample lab assignment

4. The total number of points possible for the course is 1510. Letter grades will be assigned on a percentage basis, as follows:

A = 1359-1510

B = 1208-1358

C = 1057-1207

D = 906-1056

F = Fewer than 906 points





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  • The course in which the “I” was assigned is required for graduation, or
  • The default grade assigned for that course would result in an overall GPA less than 2.00.

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Please use the following to familiarize yourself with these guidelines:

  • Please familiarize yourself with evacuation procedures and Quick Reference Sheet located in each classroom as well as at this website:
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NOTE: If you have any difficulty accessing the links in this document, please inform the instructor.

Catalog Course Description:

 A comprehensive study is made of the evolution of structure and function of vertebrates.  The laboratory portion of the course is emphasized and will consist of detailed dissections of vertebrates representing several classes.

Specific (Measurable) Student Behavioral Learning Objectives (format: 1, a, i, ii, etc.):

Upon completion of this course the student should be able to:


  1. Explain why an understanding of basic evolutionary and embryological principles is essential for an  understanding of the theory of comparative anatomy.
  2. Relate structure and function of all organs in each body system.
  3. Analyze the structure, function and evolution of the vertebrate integument and its derivatives.
  4. Compare bone and cartilage and their respective roles in forming the vertebrate skeleton.
  5. Analyze the structure function and evolution of the vertebrate vertebral column, appendicular skeleton and     head skeleton.
  6. Relate bone and muscle in producing movements.
  7. Illustrate the microscopic features used in classifying muscles.
  8. Discuss the evolutionary  trends evident in muscle groups.
  9. Analyze the structure function and evolution of the coelom.
  10. Analyze the structure and function of the digestive system.
  11. Analyze the structure, function and evolution of the oral cavity and the pharynx and their derivatives.
  12. Compare the ontogeny and phylogeny of the vertebrate kidney.
  13. Theorize the evolutionary trends of the urogenital ducts of vertebrates.
  14. Diagram the functional anatomy of the heart.
  15. Theorize the evolution of the heart.
  16. Explain the evolution of systemic and pulmonary flow circuits.
  17. Analyze the structure, function and evolution of the nervous system and sensory organs of vertebrates.



  1. Observe anatomical materials more critically.
  2. Become skilled in dissecting procedures.
  3. Identify bone, cartilages and surface markings of skeletons. Compare similarities of these features between different vertebrate groups.
  4. Identify the major skeletal muscles of fishes, amphibians and mammals. Compare the locations and similarities of the muscles between these animals.
  5. Identify the structures of the respiratory, digestive, urogential, cardiovascular and nervous systems of representative vertebrates. Compare the locations and similarities of organs in these systems between the representative vertebrates.